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Literaturliste zum Artikel "Risiken der interventionellen Schmerztherapie" auf Seite 3 des PainPoint 1-08:

  1. Abdi, S., et al., Epidural steroids in the management of chronic spinal pain: a systematic review. Pain Physician, 2007. 10(1): p. 185-212.
  2. Bush, K. and S. Hillier, Outcome of cervical radiculopathy treated with periradicular/epidural corticosteroid injections: a prospective study with independent clinical review. Eur Spine J, 1996. 5(5): p. 319-25.
  3. Hayashi, N., et al., The effect of epidural injection of betamethasone or bupivacaine in a rat model of lumbar radiculopathy. Spine, 1998. 23(8): p. 877-85.
  4. Jeong, H.S., et al., Effectiveness of transforaminal epidural steroid injection by using a preganglionic approach: a prospective randomized controlled study. Radiology, 2007. 245(2): p. 584-90.
  5. Novak, S. and W.C. Nemeth, The basis for recommending repeating epidural steroid injections for radicular low back pain: a literature review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 2008. 89(3): p. 543-52.
  6. Rathmell, J.P., C. Aprill, and N. Bogduk, Cervical transforaminal injection of steroids. Anesthesiology, 2004. 100(6): p. 1595-600.
  7. Slipman, C.W., et al., Nonsurgical treatment for radicular of pain of zygoapophyseal joint cyst origin: therapeutic selective nerve root block. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 2000. 81(8): p. 1119-22.
  8. Vad, V.B., et al., Transforaminal epidural steroid injections in lumbosacral radiculopathy: a prospective randomized study. Spine, 2002. 27(1): p. 11-6.
  9. Vallee, J.N., et al., Chronic cervical radiculopathy: lateral-approach periradicular corticosteroid injection. Radiology, 2001. 218(3): p. 886-92.
  10. Harney, D.F., et al., Transforaminal epidural corticosteroid injection: rational evidence-based practice. Reg Anesth Pain Med, 2005. 30(2): p. 206; author reply 208-10.
  11. Derby, R., et al., Non-surgical interventional treatment of cervical and thoracic radiculopathies. Pain Physician, 2004. 7(3): p. 389-94.
  12. Cuckler, J.M., et al., The use of epidural steroids in the treatment of lumbar radicular pain. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 1985. 67(1): p. 63-6.
  13. Riew, K.D., et al., The effect of nerve-root injections on the need for operative treatment of lumbar radicular pain. A prospective, randomized, controlled, double-blind study. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2000. 82-A(11): p. 1589-93.
  14. Carette, S., et al., Epidural corticosteroid injections for sciatica due to herniated nucleus pulposus. N Engl J Med, 1997. 336(23): p. 1634-40.
  15. Hodler, J., Unterschätzte Nebenwirkungshäufigkeit bei zervikalem Nervenwurzelblock. Schweizerische Ärztezeitung, 2007. 88(41): p. 1710.
  16. Aprill, N. Controversies in the management of cervical radicular pain. Case studies - morbidity. in 2nd  European Scientific Meeting. 2005.
  17. Brouwers, P.J., et al., A cervical anterior spinal artery syndrome after diagnostic blockade of the right C6-nerve root. Pain, 2001. 91(3): p. 397-9.
  18. Dafotakis, M., et al., [Acute spinal cord ischemia following deep injection therapy of the neck]. Nervenarzt, 2008. 79(8): p. 927-31.
  19. Houten, J.K. and T.J. Errico, Paraplegia after lumbosacral nerve root block: report of three cases. Spine J, 2002. 2(1): p. 70-5.
  20. Karasek, M. and N. Bogduk, Temporary neurologic deficit after cervical transforaminal injection of local anesthetic. Pain Med, 2004. 5(2): p. 202-5.
  21. Ludwig, M.A. and S.P. Burns, Spinal cord infarction following cervical transforaminal epidural injection: a case report. Spine, 2005. 30(10): p. E266-8.
  22. Muro, K., B. O'Shaughnessy, and A. Ganju, Infarction of the cervical spinal cord following multilevel transforaminal epidural steroid injection: case report and review of the literature. J Spinal Cord Med, 2007. 30(4): p. 385-8.
  23. Rozin, L., et al., Death during transforaminal epidural steroid nerve root block (C7) due to perforation of the left vertebral artery. Am J Forensic Med Pathol, 2003. 24(4): p. 351-5.
  24. Tiso, R.L., et al., Adverse central nervous system sequelae after selective transforaminal block: the role of corticosteroids. Spine J, 2004. 4(4): p. 468-74.
  25. McMillan, M.R. and C. Crumpton, Cortical blindness and neurologic injury complicating cervical transforaminal injection for cervical radiculopathy. Anesthesiology, 2003. 99(2): p. 509-11.
  26. Rathmell, J.P. and H.T. Benzon, Transforaminal injection of steroids: should we continue? Reg Anesth Pain Med, 2004. 29(5): p. 397-9.
  27. Derby, R., et al., Complications following cervical epidural steroid injections by expert interventionalists in 2003. Pain Physician, 2004. 7(4): p. 445-9.
  28. Huntoon, M.A. and D.P. Martin, Paralysis after transforaminal epidural injection and previous spinal surgery. Reg Anesth Pain Med, 2004. 29(5): p. 494-5.
  29. Rosenkranz, M., et al., Anterior spinal artery syndrome following periradicular cervical nerve root therapy. J Neurol, 2004. 251(2): p. 229-31.
  30. Windsor, R.E., S. Storm, and R. Sugar, Prevention and management of complications resulting from common spinal injections. Pain Physician, 2003. 6(4): p. 473-83.
  31. Windsor, R.E., et al., Cervical transforaminal injection: review of the literature, complications, and a suggested technique. Pain Physician, 2003. 6(4): p. 457-65.
  32. Aprill, C.N. and M. Dumitrescu, Adverse central nervous system sequelae after selective transforaminal block: the role of corticosteroids. Spine J, 2005. 5(4): p. 475.
  33. Baker, R., et al., Cervical transforaminal injection of corticosteroids into a radicular artery: a possible mechanism for spinal cord injury. Pain, 2003. 103(1-2): p. 211-5.
  34. Furman, M.B., E.M. O'Brien, and T.M. Zgleszewski, Incidence of intravascular penetration in transforaminal lumbosacral epidural steroid injections. Spine, 2000. 25(20): p. 2628-32.
  35. Furman, M.B., M.T. Giovanniello, and E.M. O'Brien, Incidence of intravascular penetration in transforaminal cervical epidural steroid injections. Spine, 2003. 28(1): p. 21-5.
  36. Derby, R., et al., Size and aggregation of corticosteroids used for epidural injections. Pain Med, 2008. 9(2): p. 227-34.
  37. Turnbull, I.M., A. Brieg, and O. Hassler, Blood supply of cervical spinal cord in man. A microangiographic cadaver study. J Neurosurg, 1966. 24(6): p. 951-65.
  38. Nash, T.P., Comment on 'A cervical anterior spinal artery syndrome after diagnostic blockade of the right C6-nerve root', PJAM Brouwers et al., PAIN 91 (2001) 397-399. Pain, 2002. 96(1-2): p. 217-8; author reply 218-9.
  39. Meyer, H.J., F. Monticelli, and J. Kiesslich, Fatal embolism of the anterior spinal artery after local cervical analgetic infiltration. Forensic Sci Int, 2005. 149(2-3): p. 115-9.
  41. Bogduk, N., Practice Guidelines for Spinal Diagnostic and Treatment, Procedures, in Practice Guidelines for Spinal Diagnostic and Treatment, Procedures, N. Bogduk, Editor, International Spine Intervention Society. p. 237-248.
  42. Scanlon, G.C., et al., Cervical transforaminal epidural steroid injections: more dangerous than we think? Spine, 2007. 32(11): p. 1249-56.
  43. Smuck, M., et al., Accuracy of intermittent fluoroscopy to detect intravascular injection during transforaminal epidural injections. Spine, 2008. 33(7): p. E205-10.
  44. Standards Committee of the International Spine Intervention Society, Practice Guidelines for Spinal Diagnostic and Treatment Procedures. 1 ed, ed. N. Bogduk. Vol. 1. 2004, San Francisco: International Spine Intervention Society ISIS. 347.
  45. Dreyfuss, P., R. Baker, and N. Bogduk, Comparative effectiveness of cervical transforaminal injections with particulate and nonparticulate corticosteroid preparations for cervical radicular pain. Pain Med, 2006. 7(3): p. 237-42.
  46. Stoll, A. and M. Sanchez, Epidural hematoma after epidural block: implications for its use in pain management. Surg Neurol, 2002. 57(4): p. 235-40.
  47. Ozdemir, O., et al., Acute intracranial subdural hematoma after epidural steroid injection: a case report. J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 2007. 30(7): p. 536-8.